Chhindwara district was formed on 1st November 1956. It is located on the South-West region of ‘Satpura Range of Mountains’. It is spread from 21.28 to 22.49 Deg. North (longitude) and 78.40 to 79.24 Deg. East (latitude) and spread over an area of 11,815 Sq.Km. This district is bound by the plains of Nagpur District (in Maharashtra State) on the South, Hoshangabad and Narsinghpur Districts on the North, Betul District on the West and Seoni Districts on the East.
Chhindwara District ranks 1st in area (11,815 Sq. Km.) in Madhya Pradesh State and occupies 3.85% of the area of the state. The District is divided into 13 Tehsils (Chhindwara, Tamia, Parasia, Junnardeo, Amarwara, Chourai, Sausar, Pandhurna, Bicchua, Umreth, Mohkhed, Chand and Harrai), 11 Development Blocks (Chhindwara, Parasia, Junnardeo, Tamia, Amarwara, Chourai, Bicchua, Harrai, Mohkhed, Sausar and Pandhurna). Chhindwara district contituted as Nagar Nigam in 2015. There are 7 Nagar Palikas (Parasia, Junnardeo, Pandhurna, Amarwara, Chourai, Damua and Sausar), 9 Nagar Panchayats (Bichhua, Chandameta, Newton Chikli, Harrai, Mohgaon, Chand, Lodhikheda, Pipla Narayanwar and Badkuhi).
There are 1948 villages in the district, out of which 1903 villages are habitated. The district is divided into 19 Revenue Circles, 803 Patwari Halkas. There are 784 Panchayats in the district. As per Census 1991, the total population of the district is 15,68,702 out of which 76.90% belong to rural areas. The Scheduled Caste population is 1,91,419 and Scheduled Tribes population is 5,40,708. The population per square kilometer is 133. ’16-Chhindwara’ is the Parliamentary Constituency in the district and it covers with all the 7 Assembly Segments (122-Jamai, 123-Amarwara, 124-Chourai, 125-Sausar, 126-Chhindwara, 127-Parasia, and 128-Pandhurna) of the district only. As per Census 2011 the total population of Chhindwara town is 1,22,309 and of the district is 2,090,306. There are 964 females for every 1000 males as per Census 2011.
From the Geographical point of view Chhindwara district can be divided into three main regions – 1) The plains near Nagpur region comprising of Tehsils Sausar and Pandhurna, 2) the central region comprising of Chhindwara, Southern part of Amarwara region and and Northern part of Sausar region. This region is also known as the Satpura mountain region and 3) The third region is mostly the Northern region comprising of hilly terrain.
There are five major rivers which flow through the district namely Kanhan, Pench, Jam, Kulbehra, Shakkar and Doodh. Kanhan river flows in the Southern direction through the western parts of Chhindwara Tehsil and mixes with the Wenganga river. Jam river flows mostly through the Sausar region and joins with the Kanhan river. Pench river flows in the border areas of Chhindwara and Seoni Districts and mixes with the Kanhan river in Nagpur District. Kulbehra river starts at Umreth and flows through Chhindwara and Mohkhed and joins with Pench river.
Chhindwara District has majority of tribal population. The tribal communities include Gond, Pardhan, Bharia, Korku. Hindi, Marathi, Gondi, Urdu, Korku, Musai, Parvari etc. languages/dialects are in use in the district. Majority of the tribals speak in Gondi and Hindi mixed with Marathi. Among the cultural functions/festivals in the district Pola, Bhujalia, Meghnath, Akhadi, Harijyoti etc. are famous ones. ‘Gotmat Mela’ of Pandhurna is unique and world renowned fair. On Shivrathri day ‘Mahadev Mela’ will be celebrated each year on “Chauragarh”.